Defining Speech Pathology
For those who are not familiar with the concept, speech pathology is the studying, diagnosis and treatment of conditions that produce difficulty in talking, swallowing, communication and fluency. Those who work in this field are referred to as speech pathologists. Often times, the patients that a speech pathologist works with will have suffered from strokes, developmental delays, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and a whole host of other problems that can affect communications.
Many people who suffer from stuttering, speaking in a clear manner or other speech challenges will seek out the services of a speech pathologist. This medical professional will employ the use of assessment tools and standardised tests to determine the severity of a patient’s disability. Once the problem has been rightly diagnosed, the pathologist will devise an appropriate course of treatment. The needs of each patient are unique. In speech pathology, there is no one size fits all solution.
One technique that a pathologist might use will be to focus on the mechanics of speech with exercises. The exercises are designed to strengthen the lips and tongue. For a patient who needs to work on language, they might play games that focus upon conversation, memory or word retrieval. The different techniques that a speech pathologist will use will vary widely, according to the age, mental abilities and impediment of the patient. This is a career field that can be practiced in a wide arena of different settings. One speech pathologist might work in a school, while another may work in a hospital. There are even some who make home visits.
A speech pathologist will have the option of choosing different specialties. For example, there are speech pathologists who work solely with school age children, the elderly and those with developmental delay. In order for a speech pathologist to be truly effective at their job, they must be able to work and connect well with others. Other skills that are required in this field include superior listening skills, patience, and a good degree of empathy.
If you have questions about speech pathology contact us today – phone ENT Clinic on 1300 123 368 Sydney.