Facial skin resurfacing works by wounding the skin down to the dermis and removing damaged areas of epidermis in the process. Dermal wound healing will stimulate the production of collagen. The end result is rejuvenation of the skin. The resurfacing of skin occurs at the superficial, medium and deep skin levels. Your options for resurfacing include dermabrasion, chemical peels and laser surgery.
Dermabrasion and Chemical Peels
Dermabrasion is not as popular as it once was, especially with the advent of microdermabrasion. In addition, maintaining a proper depth while performing dermabrasion is very technically challenging. Dermabrasion is perhaps best suited for treating someone with facial scars, and is performed by a specialist doctor.
Peeling agents like glycolic acid are still popular, since they don’t penetrate the dermis. Medium to deep chemical peels are used for ablative resurfacing. However, the frequency of use of medium and deep chemical peels has been diminished. Lasers are quite popular.
Laser Skin Resurfacing (LSR)
LSR is an integral component in rejuvenation. It has shown favourable results in the treatment of atrophic scars and photo-damaged skin. LSR has also been utilised for dermal lesions, benign dermal and epidermal lesions. LSR may be used as a single isolated procedure, or in an adjunct role to other procedures like endoscopic browlifts.
Although LSR is fairly new, the benefits it offers are quite clear. Lasers allow for precise control of the depth of ablation, and the surgeon can vary the depths as needed. In addition to offering precision, LSR causes a favorable dermis heating. This stimulates neocollagen and tightens collagen fibers.
Carbon dioxide lasers are well suited to the precise treatment of dermal and epidermal lesions, shallow scars, facial elastosis, dynamic lines, crow’s feet and vertical furrows. When used in the treatment of the dynamic lines of crow’s feet, however, the benefit will only be seen when the muscles are in repose, and not when furrows reappear during squinting or other facial expressions.
These lasers have been shown to cause more ablation of superficial tissue when compared with a CO2 laser. This is why many patients with photodamaged skin or actinic damage are excellent candidates for skin resurfacing with the Er:YAG laser. This treatment also has an advantage in that it does not leave your skin with a red appearance. Some other treatments can leave the skin appearing red for a period of months.
The Er:YAG laser, unlike carbon dioxide lasers, appears to be quite safe for use on the skin found on the hands, chest and neck. This expands its role and makes it a more valuable tool for the cosmetic surgeon.
The severity of your wrinkles will be classified before you have laser surgery. Repeated laser treatments will likely yield the best possible results for you. If you have severe rhytides (creases in the skin), you will likely have this type of procedure planned by your surgeon. The treatments are usually scheduled four to five months apart.
A laser peel or laser skin resurfacing is designed to give your skin a more youthful and smooth appearance. Using the CO2 laser device, the top layer of damaged skin is vaporized instantly, and this improves the appearance of uneven pigmentation, scars, wrinkles and facial lines.
There are two basic CO2 laser skin treatments that are used – the fractional CO2 laser and the ablative, conventional CO2 laser. The Active FX laser has some of the same benefits as traditional ablative CO2 laser treatments, but with fewer risks and less downtime. Resurfacing may be completed on target areas or on the whole face.
If you require personalised skincare based for your specific skin type contact your local doctor, who will arrange for you to see a Dermatologist. We‘ll provide you with a straightforward, efficient and very effective treatment plan targeted to your concerns. Contact us today.