What to focus on when teaching your child to read and write
When teaching your child how to read, there are so many things to focus on and it may seem like an overwhelming task if they have no awareness of any sounds or are constantly making mistakes. Below I will go through some good places to start and some key points to focus on.
Know the sounds not the names
Many parents start to teach the alphabet letters by their names. While the alphabet song is a nice way to start, knowing the names of each letter does not help us to read words. It is the sounds that each letter makes that help us to read. Therefore, when you introduce each letter, it is actually better to teach its sounds to give your child a head start. Better yet, get them to identify words with those sounds in them.
Focus on accuracy not speed
Many parents get caught up on pushing their child to read as quickly as possible. This often leads to guessing and sight word reading. The aim of reading, however, is not to be able to do it quickly but to access the meaning and information from written materials. Therefore, it is no good being able to read materials quickly if the meaning of the information is changes. Focus on getting your child to read at his or her own pace and ensuring that your child is sound out each word accurately.
Identify cluster sounds
Clustered letters such as ‘sh’, ‘ch’ and ‘th’ come together to form one sound. Work with your child to see if they can just find these letter groups first. Once your child is able to find these letter clusters, you can then work on practicing the sounds each cluster make.
Contact us for results focused speech therapy
This article was written by our Speech Pathologist Ashleigh Fattah who is a Speech Pathology Australia member. If you have questions about language activities, make an appointment. We‘ll provide you with simple and effective therapy targeted to your concerns. Contact us today.