Healthy nutrition for people with diabetes
Diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic diseases where a person has high blood sugar. This may be because of two may factors. Either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or where cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. High blood sugar may cause the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
There are three main types of diabetes mellitus (DM).
Type 1 DM results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, and currently requires the person to inject insulin. This form was previously known as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.
Type 2 DM is due to insulin resistance. This condition develops when cells fail to use insulin properly and is sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. This form was previously referred to as non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”.
The third main form is gestational diabetes. This develops when pregnant women without a previous diagnosis of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level. It may precede development of type 2 DM.
Other forms of diabetes include congenital diabetes, which is due to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related types, steroid induced diabetes which is caused by high doses of glucocorticoids, etc.
When untreated, diabetes can cause many consequences. Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis and nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, and diabetic retinopathy (retinal damage). Adequate treatment is very important, as well as blood pressure control and lifestyle factors such as stopping smoking and maintaining a healthy body weight.
If you are concerned that you may have diabetes please take our diabetes test and see your GP for further advice.
If you have questions about healthy nutrition for people with diabetes, contact your local doctor who will arrange for you to see a dietitian. Contact Us Today!